Selections from the Postcard Collection

Title

Selections from the Postcard Collection

Subject

Postcards - Virginia - Williamsburg

Description

The Postcard Collection housed at the John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library consists of postcards of Williamsburg and surrounding areas dating from the late 19th-century to the present. It includes examples of early postcards of the town prior to its restoration by John D. Rockefeller Jr. In addition, it encompasses many examples of official postcards produced by Colonial Williamsburg for tourists. A smaller number of postcards of neighboring historic sites, such as Jamestown and Yorktown, are also present.

The selections included here are primarily vintage postcards of Colonial Williamsburg and surrounding tourist attractions ranging in date from 1898 to the 1950s. Early cards in the collection illustrate a range of common postcard types and reproduction techniques. The history of the postcard's development as a souvenir, as well as the growth of tourism in Williamsburg, can be traced via Colonial Williamsburg's Postcard Collection.

During what is known as the Pioneer Era from 1870-1898, the first form of postcard, featuring an illustration on one side and an undivided back on the other, did not allow the sender to include a note, unless it was written across a portion of the image on the front. The majority of pioneering postcard formats served as advertisements up until the 1893 Columbia Exposition, when postcards first appeared as souvenirs for Exposition visitors to purchase.

The Private Mailing Card Era from 1898-1901 is characterized by cards printed with the notice "Private Mailing Card Authorized by Act of Congress on May 19, 1898." Backs of the cards remained undivided and purchasers could mail the cards for a cost of one cent. Several examples of postcards from this era are present in the collection. They include some of the earliest instances of souvenir cards created to promote Williamsburg historic sites, such as the Courthouse, Bruton Parish Church, the Powder Magazine, and the Capitol site. European rather than American printers created many of these postcards due to their superb skills. Chromo-lithograph cards of this era exhibit extremely rich colors.

By the time the Jamestown Exposition took place in 1907, postcard production had entered the Divided Back Era, which continued until 1915. Modified postcard backs offered a segment on the left side for senders to pen a brief message. Production of cards gradually shifted to more American printers. The Jamestown Exposition provided a strong impetus for promotion of other historic sites that attendees might also stop at along the way. A series of postcards commemorating Williamsburg area historic sites in conjunction with the 1907 celebration are excellent examples of very early divided back cards.

The Early Modern Era between 1916-1930 led to an increase in production of souvenir cards relating to the Williamsburg area. One type of format popular in this period is the "White Border Card" characterized by a view surrounded with a white border. Real photo cards also began to appear that featured photographs, rather than prints, of local surroundings. In the era before Colonial Williamsburg operated official gift shops, tourists counted on the Cole News Shop as their source for maps, postcards, travel guides, and souvenirs. Mr. Henry Dennison Cole served as the proprietor. His business stood on the site of the present day Taliaferro-Cole Shop. He produced his own postcards of historic sites in the area being restored by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities and other groups of preservation minded citizens. Several examples of cards published by the Cole Shop can be found in the collection and offer a glimpse of attractions popular with early 20th-century tourists, such as the old Masonic Hall and Custis Kitchen.

Once Colonial Williamsburg opened a core group of exhibition buildings to the public in the early 1930s, a new era dawned in which the museum began production of official postcards as souvenirs for visitors. Photographs by F.S. Lincoln, an architectural photographer hired on a contract basis in 1935 to take some of the first promotional photos of Colonial Williamsburg exhibition buildings, appeared on a number of real photo postcards issued in the late 1930s. Both examples of postcards bearing his photos, as well as his actual photograph collection, reside at the Rockefeller Library.

The Albertype Company of Brooklyn, New York, produced one of the earliest official postcard series highlighting Colonial Williamsburg exhibition buildings, costumed interpreters, Williamsburg Inn and Lodge, and Merchants Square. In addition to holding numerous examples of Albertype cards, the Rockefeller Library also houses the corresponding photographic prints used to generate the postcards. Albertype cards are characterized by sepia toned images that show exterior and interior views of exhibition buildings, as well as some of the earliest scenes of African Americans in costume demonstrating colonial cooking techniques.

For further information about Williamsburg postcards, please consult:

Preacher, Kristopher J. "Williamsburg in Vintage Postcards." Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2002.

Reisweber, Kurt. "Williamsburg in Old Post Cards." Colonial Williamsburg XXI, No.2, (June/July 1999): 52-57.

Items in the Selections from the Postcard Collection Collection

Greetings from Historic Williamsburg
A postcard set titled "Greetings from Historic Williamsburg. A Collection of images from Colonial Williamsburg." The cover page includes the Governor's Palace, a view of the Palace gardens, and the interior of Bruton Parish Church. Page two has…

Peyton Randolph House
Recto and verso of postcard illustrated with a view of a carriage passing the front of the Peyton Randolph House, Williamsburg, Virginia. Back of card reads: "Home to one of colonial America's leading statesmen."

Public Gaol, Williamsburg, Virginia
Recto and verso of postcard with an illustration of costumed interpreters standing in front of the of the Public Gaol, Williamsburg, Virginia. Back of card reads: After 250 years, this "strong sweet Prison" remains grim evidence of crime and…

Audrey House, Williamsburg, Virginia
Recto and verso of a postcard featuring a pre-restoration photo of the Thomas Everard House when known as the Audrey House, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum
Recto and verso of postcard featuring a photo of the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum, Williamsburg, Virginia. Back of card reads: "This building houses the comprehensive collection of American folk art, assembled by the late Mrs. John D.…

The Public Gaol, Williamsburg, Virginia
The Public Gaol, Williamsburg, Virginia. Back of card reads: "The Gaol was built, it is believed, soon after 1715. With the removal of the Capitol to Richmond, the old gaol was given to the city of Williamsburg. "Debtors, criminals and…

Tayloe Office, Williamsburg, Virginia
The Tayloe Office. Back of card reads: "The Tayloe Office, Williamsburg, Virginia. This office with its unusual bell-shaped roof served the wealthy planter Colonel John Tayloe when he came to Williamsburg as a member of the council."

Brush Everard House, Williamsburg, Virginia
Postcard featuring a photo of the Brush-Everard House (now known as the Thomas Everard House) during a winter snow storm. Back of card reads: The Brush-Everard House, Williamsburg, Virginia. Built by gunsmith John Brush in 1717, this modest…

Robertson's Windmill, Williamsburg, Virginia
Postcard featuring a photo of Robertson's Windmill soon after its reconstruction at the rear of the Peyton Randolph House property. Back of card reads: "Robertson's Windmill, Williamsburg, Virginia. This windmill is known as a post mill because…

Carter- Saunders House, Williamsburg, Va.
Recto and verso of postcard featuring photo of the Carter-Saunders House (now known as the Robert Carter House.) Back of card reads: The Carter Saunders House, Williamsburg, Virginia. Erected early in the 18th century, this house was purchased by…

Tayloe House, Office and Kitchen
Official Colonial Williamsburg postcard illustrated with a view of the Tayloe House, Office, and Kitchen in the springtime.

Back of postcard reads: "Colonial Williamsburg, Tayloe House, Office, and Kitchen. Historic Area, Williamsburg, Virginia.…

Lawson's Tourist Home, Williamsburg, Virginia
Lawson's Tourist Home, Rt. 60, Williamsburg. Advertised as 'just west of city' on US Route 60, with 10 rooms and 5 baths.

Duke of Gloucester Street, Williamsburg, Va.
Recto and verso of a postcard featuring a view of the Merchants Square area at the west end of Duke of Gloucester Street.

This image of businesses in Block 23, in what is known as the Arcade Building, shows the evolution of uses on Merchant's…

Stocks at the Public Gaol, Wiliamsburg, Va.
Recto and verso of postcard featuring a view of the stocks and pillory when they were located outside the Public Gaol. The platform provided a popular photo opportunity for early tourists to Colonial Williamsburg, Now re-located to Market Square, the…

British Sympathizers Meeting at Westover Plantation
Recto and verso of official Colonial Williamsburg postcard featuring a scene from the orientation film "Williamsburg, The Story of a Patriot."

The caption reads: "This scene from the Paramount-Colonial Williamsburg film "Williamsburg - The Story…

Historic Berkeley Plantation
Recto and verso of official Colonial Williamsburg postcard illustrated with a photo of the front elevation of Berkeley Plantation.

Caption reads; "Most visited of the great James River plantations located along "scenic route five" between…

Blair House, Williamsburg, Virginia
Part of the Albertype Company series, this postcard depicts the John Blair House on Duke of Gloucester Street soon after its restoration to its eighteenth-century appearance.

The card's caption reads: "Throughout the eighteenth century this…

Williamsburg Lodge, Williamsburg, Va.
Recto and verso of postcard illustrated with a Kodachrome photo by Walter H. Miller of the front entrance of the Williamsburg Lodge.

The caption reads: "The Lodge offers excellent and attractive accommodations at moderate rates, and also coffee…

Golf Course of the Williamsburg Inn
Recto and verso of official Colonial Williamsburg postcard featuring a photo of golfers playing on the Spotswood Course behind the Williamsburg Inn.

The caption reads: "One of the many recreation facilities provided for guests of Williamsburg Inn…

Cabinetmaker's Shop, Williamsburg, Virginia
Recto and verso of official Colonial Williamsburg postcard illustrated with a photo of cabinetmakers at work inside Hay's Cabinetmaking Shop.

The card's caption reads: "The Cabinetmaker and his assistant work with hand tools of the eighteenth…