Pacific Stereopticon Company Lantern Slides

Title

Pacific Stereopticon Company Lantern Slides

Subject

Pacific Stereopticon Co.
Lantern slides - Hand-colored - 1930-1940
Johnson, Reginald Davis, 1882-1952

Description

Produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Company of Los Angeles, this collection of forty-five lantern slides depicts individuals involved in the restoration of Williamsburg, as well as some of the restored buildings. The slides are a mixture of black and white and color images taken by various photographers in the late 1930s. Many are copies based upon photos taken by contract professionals hired to document the appeal of the architecture and landscapes of Colonial Williamsburg. Several of the black and white slides are derived from photos taken by noted architectural photographer F.S. Lincoln, whose collection is also available for viewing on this site.

The lantern slides are significant because they document early efforts to publicize the newly opened museum. California architect Reginald Davis Johnson utilized the set to lecture to students and colleagues about the massive efforts undertaken to bring Williamsburg's historic district back to its 18th-century appearance. Noted for his contributions to the development of the Spanish-Southern California architecture of Santa Barbara, Reginald Davis Johnson resided in Pasadena and operated an architectural design studio. Some of his best known projects include the Santa Barbara Biltmore Hotel, the Santa Barbara Post Office, and the Harbor Hills, Rancho San Pedro, and Baldwin Hills communities in Los Angeles.

A precursor of 35mm slides, lantern slides are large format positive transparencies, usually 3.25 x 4 inches, sandwiched between two pieces of glass. Many were hand-colored. A projector allowed the slides to be viewed on a wall or screen. Instead of automatically advancing from one slide to the next, the lantern slides had to be manually placed into a slot on the projector.

Invented in 1848, lantern slides evolved from those associated with magic lanterns in the late 19th-century to the format represented in this collection. Between 1848-1870, oil lamps served as the light source for magic lantern projectors. By the 1890s, the carbon arc lamp offered a better lighting method. The introduction of electricity in the 20th-century allowed the projection of lantern slides to become common in schools and universities. Lantern slides became obsolete in the 1950s when the Kodachrome three-color process brought about the introduction of 35mm slides.

Creator

Pacific Stereopticon Co.

Date

ca. 1935

Format

jpeg

Type

Image

Rights Holder

Special Collections, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library, The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation

Items in the Pacific Stereopticon Company Lantern Slides Collection

Coat of Arms on the Governor's Palace
Hand-colored lantern slide featuring a photo taken by F.S. Lincoln in 1935 of the royal coat of arms on the pediment of the Governor's Palace ballroom wing. It is the forty-fifth slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los…

Hostess in Governor's Palace Garden
Hand-colored lantern slide featuring a photo taken by F.S. Lincoln in 1935 of a costumed hostess posing in the Governor's Palace garden. It is the forty-fourth slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles, California, now…

Governor's Palace Garden
Lantern slide featuring photo taken by F.S. Lincoln in 1935 looking down on the formal garden of the Governor's Palace from a second story window. It is the forty-third slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles,…

Pleached Arbor in the Governor's Palace Garden
Hand-colored lantern slide featuring a view looking through the pleached arbor in the Governor's Palace garden taken by F.S. Lincoln in 1935. It is the forty-second slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles, California,…

Interior of the Palace Kitchen Building
Lantern slide featuring a photo taken by F.S. Lincoln in 1935 of a costumed interpreter churning butter inside the Governor's Palace Kitchen. It is the forty-first slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles, California,…

Palace Green Viewed from the Governor's Palace
Hand-colored lantern slide featuring photo of Palace Green taken by F.S. Lincoln from a second floor window in the Governor's Palace in 1935. It is the fortieth slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles, California, now…

Governor's Palace
Hand-colored lantern slide featuring a photo of the northeast elevation of the Governor's Palace taken by F.S. Lincoln in 1935. It is the thirty-ninth slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles, California, now defunct, to…

Site of the Old High School on the Site of the Governor's Palace
Lantern slide featuring a photo looking down Palace Green towards the old Williamsburg High School building that was torn down to make way for the reconstruction of the Governor's Palace. It is the thirty-eighth slide in a set produced by the Pacific…

Council Chamber in the Capitol
Lantern slide featuring a photo of the Council Chamber on the second floor of the Capitol, Williamsburg, Virginia, ca. 1935. It is the thirty-seventh slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles, California, now defunct, to…

House of Burgesses in the Capitol
Lantern slide featuring a view looking towards the Speaker's Chair in the House of Burgesses, Capitol, Williamsburg, Virginia, ca. 1935. It is the thirty-sixth slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles, California, now…

House of Burgesses in the Capitol
Lantern slide featuring a photo of the House of Burgesses within the Capitol, Williamsburg, Virginia, ca.1935. It is the thirty-fifth slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles, California, now defunct, to illustrate the…

The Capitol
Hand-colored lantern slide featuring photo of the entrance gate leading into the Capitol complex taken by F.S. Lincoln in 1935. It is the thirty-fourth slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles, California, now defunct,…

The Capitol
Hand-colored lantern slide featuring photo of the Capitol taken by F.S. Lincoln in 1935. It is the thirty-third slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles, California, now defunct, to illustrate the story of Dr. W.A.R.…

First Floor Plan : The Capitol
Lantern slide featuring the floor plan of the first floor of the Capitol, Williamsburg, Virginia. It is the thirty-second slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles, California, now defunct, to illustrate the story of Dr.…

Fireplace Detail : Daphne Room
Lantern slide featuring photo taken by F.S. Lincoln looking towards the fireplace in the Daphne Room of the Raleigh Tavern, 1935. It is the thirty-first slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles, California, now…

Daphne Room in the Raleigh Tavern
Lantern slide featuring a photo taken by F.S. Lincoln of the Daphne Room in the Raleigh Tavern as it appeared in 1935. It is the thirtieth slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles, California, now defunct, to illustrate…

Apollo Room in the Raleigh Tavern
Lantern slide featuring a photo taken by F.S. Lincoln of the Apollo Room in the Raleigh Tavern as it appeared in 1935. It is the twenty-ninth slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles, California, now defunct, to…

Dining Room in the Raleigh Tavern
Lantern slide featuring a photo taken by F.S. Lincoln of the Common Dining Room in the Raleigh Tavern as it appeared in 1935. It is the twenty-eighth slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles, California, now defunct, to…

West End of Great Room : Market Square Tavern
Lantern slide featuring photo taken by F.S. Lincoln of the west end of the Great Room, Market Square Tavern, in 1935. It is the twenty-seventh slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles, California, now defunct, to…

A Dining Room in the Travis House
Lantern slide featuring a photo taken by F.S. Lincoln of the Dining Room in the Travis House as it appeared in 1935. It is the twenty-sixth slide in a set produced by the Pacific Stereopticon Co. of Los Angeles, California, now defunct, to…