Elizabeth G. Elliott Papers

Title

Elizabeth G. Elliott Papers

Subject

African Americans--Virginia--Williamsburg.
Slavery--Virginia--History--19th century.
Slavery--Virginia--Tidewater (Region)--History--19th century.
Plantations-- Virginia--History.
Claims against decedents' estates--Virginia.
Estates (Law)--Virginia
Wills--Virginia--York County.
Taxation--Virginia--York County.
Mental health services--Virginia--Slaves.
Medical care--Virginia--History--Slaves.
Medical care--Virginia--History.
Plantation owners--Virginia--History--19th century.
Estates (Law)--Virginia.
Decedents' family maintenance--Virginia.
Distribution of decedents' estates--Virginia.
Contested wills--Virginia.
Attorney and client--Virginia.

Description

Legal documents, correspondence, and receipts retained by Sydney Smith; the bulk pertaining to the estates of Kemp P. and Elizabeth G. Elliott.

Elizabeth Gillanson (abt. 1800-1856) and Kemp Elliott were married in 1816 in York County, VA, and remained there until death. Kemp died in the mid 1830s. His exact dates are unknown. The couple does not appear to have had any children, as all property is left in Kemp’s will to his wife for the remainder of her life, and then to his siblings’ children after her death. The earliest papers in this collection come from this will and its contests in the chancery court.

According to the 1850 census, Elizabeth Elliott was 50 years old, and her household included William Wood, an 18 year old overseer who appears in one of the general receipts, and nine slaves ranging in ages from nine to 61 years. Some names for them can be found in the bonds and promissory notes, the medical bills, and the general receipts. Some, like Peter and Patience, appear in multiple categories, allowing a degree of speculation on that person’s life.

Elizabeth Elliott died in about 1856, and the majority of the Elliott papers consist of bonds and receipts due to and from the estate. They fall into several broad categories: bonds and promissory notes, mostly for renting slaves; medical bills for Elizabeth and her slaves; tax receipts; and general receipts for goods and services required in the operation of a small plantation. This includes the purchase and maintenance of horses and carts, buying and selling foodstuffs, and clothing, blankets, and coffins for slaves.

The second half of the collection appears to be items collected by Sydney Smith (1821-1884) in the course of his legal practice in Williamsburg, including receipts for cases he represented, summonses, and several account books. Smith married Virginia Bucktrout, and had a number of children with her. They lived in what is now called the Brush- Everard House in what is now Colonial Williamsburg’s historic area. In 1850, Smith was listed in the census as a 28 year old lawyer. During the Civil War, he served in the 5th VA Cavalry. He is buried in the Bruton Parish Churchyard.

It is unknown how he came into possession of the Elliott papers and several of the account books, as some items are far too early to have been his, including a late 18th century attorney’s account book from York County. They may have been inherited, either from a senior partner or mentor, or they may have been from a case he took over when all other parties had died but the debts survived. A very few items date from after Smith’s death, and it is unknown how they came to be grouped together.

May be related to the Bucktrout-Smith papers, 1855-1929, Mss. Acc. 1997.14A and Acc. 1997.18, at the Swem Library at the College of Williams and Mary.

Table Of Contents

Legal Documents: Kemp P. Elliott
Legal Documents: Elizabeth G. Elliott
Bonds and Promissory Notes
Medical Bills and Receipts
Plantation Bills and Receipts
Tax Receipts

Creator

Elizabeth G. Elliott

Date

1837-1918

Items in the Elizabeth G. Elliott Papers Collection

William Gray Receipt to Elizabeth Elliott, 1855 April 7
A receipt from William Gray to Elizabeth Elliott for a second-hand carriage and harness.

William Gray Correspondence to Elizabeth Elliott, 1852 January 31
A letter from William Gray to his aunt, Elizabeth Elliott, in which he says that Mr. Goo(d)wynn does not have the money he owes.

William Gray Receipt to Elizabeth Elliott, 1851 June 22
A receipt from William B Gray to Elizabeth Elliot for the purchase of a horse for $125.

William Gray Receipt to Elizabeth Elliott, 1842
A receipt from William B. Gray to Elizabeth Elliott for the purchase of a gig, in lieu of rent.

John Chandler Receipt to Elizabeth Elliott, 1855 November 12
A receipt from John Chandler to Elizabeth Elliott for carriage repairs.

John Chandler Receipt to Elizabeth Elliott, 1855
A receipt from John Chandler to Elizabeth Elliott for the construction of a "turnbul cart body" and repairs.

John Chandler Receipt to Elizabeth Elliott, 1855.
A receipt from John Chandler to Elizabeth Elliott for the repair of her carriage.

John Chandler receipt to Elizabeth Elliott, 1853
A receipt from John Chandler for repairs on a buggy.

John Chandler Receipt to Elizabeth Elliott, 1853.
A receipt for a coffin built for one of the enslaved women

James Belvin Receipt to Elizabeth Elliott, 1853 October 11
A receipt from James Belvin, possibly a blacksmith, for wheel repairs.

James Belvin Receipt to Elizabeth Elliott, 1850
A receipt from James Belvin, possibly a blacksmith, for various metal goods and repairs, repairs on a buggy, and 24 pounds of bacon.

Jas. Belvin Receipt to Elizabeth Elliott, 1848
Receipt from James Belvin, possibly a blacksmith, to Elizabeth Elliott for various metal items.

Ro. Anderson Receipt to Elizabeth Elliott, 1852
Illegible receipt from Ro. Anderson to Elizabeth Elliott. This may be a doctor's receipt, but the totals are far higher than the other doctors she frequented.

John Anderson receipt to Elizabeth Elliott, 1846
Receipt for repairs to a gig, and the interest accrued over 25 months.

Talbot Sweeney/ Eastern State Asylum bill to Elizabeth Elliott, 1855 May 2
A bill from Talbot Sweeney, on behalf of the Eastern State Asylum, to Elizabeth Elliott for several months of mental health services for an enslaved man named Peter, who can be found in many other documents in the collection.

Talbot Sweeney's…

Talbot Sweeney/ Eastern State Asylum bill to Elizabeth Elliott, 1854 January 31
A bill from Talbot Sweeney, on behalf of the Eastern State Asylum, to Elizabeth Elliott for nine months of mental health services for an enslaved man named Peter, who can be found in many other documents in the collection.

Talbot Sweeney's name…

William Shield receipt to Elizabeth Elliott, 1854
Receipt from Dr. William Shield for medical attention to Elizabeth Elliott and an enslaved boy named Cary.

William Shield receipt to Elizabeth Elliott, 1853 July 12
Receipt from William Shield to Elizabeth Elliot for medical attention for an enslaved man named Billy.

William Shield Receipt to Elizabeth Elliott, 1853
Receipt from Dr. William Shield to Elizabeth Elliott for medical services for an enslaved woman named Sally.

William Shield Receipt to Elizabeth Elliott, 1847
Receipt from Dr. William Shield for medical attention for Elizabeth Elliott and two unnamed enslaved children.