Participation in local organizations, ranging from hunt clubs to the NAACP, added meaning and purpose to the lives of Williamsburg’s African American residents. The organizations provided a much needed social outlet in a small town with a lack of facilities for leisure activities. Clubs and associations also bonded groups of individuals together to fundraise for various important causes or to build skills and strength of character. Many rendered valuable benevolent acts to members of the community in need.
Organizations with an outdoor focus gave African American men and boys a chance to sharpen their camping, hunting, and survival skills and to build camaraderie. Among the several hunt clubs that existed in the Williamsburg area, the Buckeye Club brought African American men together to hone their tactics in hunting for fowl and venison. Young men also had an outlet for outdoor adventure. Boy Scouts of America, founded in 1910, emphasized a non-discriminatory creed but separate, segregated African American troops emerged in the South. Local African American churches sponsored troops that provided opportunities for camping, community service, and leadership development.
For African American women, Williamsburg area women’s circles and clubs offered an avenue for influencing their community beyond the home. Church missionary groups addressed local, national, and international needs for food, clothing, shelter, and medical care. The Just Us Club, one of the oldest continuous clubs for African American women in the United States, focused upon civics and participation in community issues. The Williamsburg branch consisted of members from York and James City Counties, with a large percentage coming from Grove. Professional organizations, such as the local Beautician’s Association, brought together women with similar trade skills to learn new techniques, advocate for their businesses, and encourage young people in training.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), founded in 1909, provided local residents with an opportunity to advance civil rights concerns. Both men and women in the community attended meetings held at churches and other venues.
 Roger Chesley, “The ‘other’ Boy Scout milestone that deserves affirmation,” Virginian-Pilot (Norfolk, Va.), 11 August 2010, accessed 21 April 2014, http://hamptonroads.com/2010/08/other-boy-scout-milestone-deserves-affirmation.