African Americans, Slavery and the Slave Trade

Title

African Americans, Slavery and the Slave Trade

Description

This collection contains items related to the history of African Americans, slavery and the slave trade. Virginia materials in this collection include items from the 18th and early 19th-centuries.

Items in the African Americans, Slavery and the Slave Trade Collection

Virginia General Court order on appeal in Brown vs. Brown, 1761 April 25
Joseph Brown's appeal of the Loudoun County, Virginia, court's decision denying the validity of a verbal gift of two slaves from his father Thomas. Virginia General Court orders a new contestation of the case. Order signed by Benjamin Waller as clerk…

Deed of emancipation of Sall Black, 1791 March 31
Deed of emancipation for Sall Black dated March 31, 1791. By this deed, Benjamin Butterworth recorded his intention to free his young female slave when she attained the age of 18 years. Butterworth, a Virginia Quaker, was able to free his slaves…

Deed of emancipation of Josiah Cathon's slaves, 1793 February 2
Deed of emancipation for the slaves of Josiah West Cathon of Southampton County, Virginia dated February 2, 1793. By this deed, Cathon freed 5 slaves, two of whom were minors. Cathon intended to serve as guardian for the minors until they turned 18.…

Manuscript account of items and money issued to the crew of the brig Othello. The Othello was a slave ship owned by Samuel and William Vernon of Newport, Rhode Island. It departed Rhode Island August 23, 1772 bound for Africa and brought the slaves…

Deed of James Lyon with John Eyre for sixteen slaves, 1809 November 21
James Lyon, a physician in Northampton County, Virginia, was married to Sarah Eyre, the sister of John Eyre. The deed between James Lyon and John Eyre is for the transfer of sixteen slaves to Eyre as security for seventeen hundred dollars received by…

John Tadlock bill of sale for a slave girl, 1795 August 1
Bill of sale between John Tadlock and James McMurtry for the sale of "one Negro Girl Name Dice about Sixteen years old ..." for the consideration of "Eighty pounds Virginia Money ..." Witnessed by William Neilson and Samuel McKenny.

A Letter from the Rev. Mr. George Whitefield, to the Inhabitants of Maryland, Virginia, North and South-Carolina
In this open letter to the inhabitants of Maryland, Virginia and the Carolinas, George Whitefield criticizes the slave owners for their mistreatment of slaves within those colonies. Whitefield notes that slave masters tend to treat their animals…

Appraisement of that part of the negroes and personal Estate of the Late Doctor Pasteur which is in Williamsburg
An appraisal of the personal property and slaves of Dr. William Pasteur in Williamsburg created for the Hustings Court. The appraisal consists largely of household furnishings, textiles and slaves. The sixteen slaves in the appraisal account for over…

Plan and Sections of a Slave Ship
The slave ship Brooks was originally drawn in 1788 by William Elford for the Plymouth chapter of the Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade. It was arguably the most effective image in the British effort to abolish the slave trade.…

Will of Deborah Morris, 1793
Printed will of Deborah Morris in which she devised and bequeathed her exensive assets to family and others including her sister, Elizabeth Shoemaker, nieces, Elizabeth Lightfoot, Abigail Griffiths, Phebe Morris, Sarah Buckley, and to her attendant…

Injured humanity ; being a representation of what the unhappy children of Africa endure from those who call themselves Christians
This anti-slavery broadside was written to encourage consumers to refrain from purchasing goods produced by West Indian slaves. It uses examples of abuses presented to Parliament and published in An Abstract of the evidence delivered before a select…

The sorrows of Yamba : or, The Negro woman's lamentation
An antislavery poem sometimes attributed to Hannah Moore (1745-1833), who may have derived it from William Cowper's "The Negro's Complaint." This broadside is printed in three columns within an overall decorative border; the columns separated by…

Prize goods examined
British anti-slavery broadsheet denouncing the slave trade to the West Indies. The writer calls the enslaved and everything taken from them prize goods. The writer states that those who buy the products slave labor are complicit in the slave trade…

Meltiah Green letter to William E. Green, 1801 November 10
Letter from Meltiah Green, St. Thomas, November 10, 1801 to his brother William E. Green, Worcester, Massachusetts. Green describes St. Thomas giving particular attention to the trees and Black Beard's Castle. He discusses the treatment of slaves…

Walter Jones letter to Robert Carter, III, 1776 November 9
Letter from Walter Jones to Robert Carter, III of Nomony Hall concerning the estate of William Flood (Jones' father-in-law), the public accounts incurred by the troops in Northumberland and rumors of a smallpox outbreak amongst Carter's slaves. Jones…

Indictment of slave Amy, 1751
Indictment in the hand of James Nimmo, King's Attorney for Norfolk County addressed to the justices of the Court of Oyer and Terminer. In the document Nimmo relates how "Amy a negro woman Slave belonging to Mr. Jas. Holt of the County of Norfolk the…

Richard Jackman promissory note, 1783 December 13
Promissory note of Richard Jackman of Lincoln County, Virginia dated December 13, 1783. Jackman promises to pay Richard Steel of Lincoln County "one hundred and forty pound Currant and Lawfull money of Virginia ..." Alternatively, Jackman could…

Bond of Louisa Ross with the Common Council of Alexandria, Virginia, 1822 May 9
Bond of Louisa Ross and Davis Bowie with the Common Council of Alexandria. The bond was required pursuant to an act of the council regarding slaves, free negroes, and mulattoes. This law required free negroes and mulattoes to post bond with good and…

James Rush letter to John Mason, George Town, 1800 November 10
Writing one month after the execution of Gabriel, Rush discusses the disturbances caused by the slave patrols in the wake of Gabriel's rebellion. Rush notes that Governor Monroe has called for militia patrols of the various quarters to look for any…